Country in northeastern Africa through which the Nile River flows.

Egypt Pyramid Sphynx

Ramses II
1290-1224 B.C.
Egypt was the home of one of the world's ealiest civilizations.  The Nile River regularly flooded, providing a regular supply of fresh soil and moisture for agriculture.  Along the Nile the pharaohs of Egypt built cities, temples, and monuments such as the pyramids. In the Old Testament, Abraham went to Egypt during a famine (Gen 12:10-14).  Joseph was sold as a slave into Egypt (Gen 37:28), but when famine struck Canaan, his brothers came to Egypt to buy food (Gen 42-45).  In time Joseph's father Jacob and the rest of his family settled in eastern Egypt (Gen 46-47).  As the years passed, the Israelites were enslaved by the Egyptians, then delivered under the leadership of Moses, who led them on an exodus from Egypt (Exod 1-15).  Later generations had mixed relations with Egypt.  Solomon made a marriage alliance with Egypt (1 Kings 3:1).  Jeroboam was a refugee in Egypt before becoming king of Israel's northern kingdom (1 Kings 11:40).  King Josiah was killed by the Egyptian army (2 Kings 23:29).   After the fall of Jerusalem, Jeremiah went to Egypt (Jer 42:6-7).


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