722 B.C.

Fall of the northern kingdom.

Assyria conquered the northern kingdom

The northern kingdom of Israel enjoyed some prosperity after becoming an independent kingdom in 922 B.C., although there were ongoing tensions with the kingdom of Judah to the south and times of internal instability. The kingdom came to an end during a period of Assyrian expansion. The Assyrians put the capital of Samaria under siege, capturing it in 722 B.C. Many of the people were taken into exile in Assyria and foreigners were brought in to colonize the northern part of Palestine. The area became known as the region of Samaria and its people were the Samaritans.


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