Samaria (City)

The capital of the northern kingdom of Israel.


Hill on which city of
Samaria was built
Samaria was the capital city of the northern kingdom along a major north-south route through Palestine. The city was built by King Omri who reigned in Tirzah for six years before building Samaria to be his capital (1Kings 16:21ff).  King Ahab and Queen Jezebel built a palace with ivory inlay at Samaria.   Ahab died there after being wounded in battle.  In Elisha's time Samaria was besieged but it was not taken. The city was conquered by the Assyrians in 722 B.C. after a three year siege, ending the ten tribes of Israel's existence as a nation. In 332 B.C. Alexander the Great captured Samaria during his conquest of Palestine. During the reign of Herod the Great the city was rebuilt and renamed Sebaste.
Samaria City
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