who conquered the southern kingdom of Judah.
Ornamental bull from the gate at
Babylon (6th century B.C.)
is a region in southern Mesopotamia. Its name is taken from the capital
city of Babylon.
In the eighth century
BC King Hezekiah began to establish friendly relations with the Babylonians
in the hope of gaining support against the threat of Assyrian expansion.
In 609 BC King Josiah joined the Babylonians in rebelling against Assyria. Josiah was killed, but the
Babylonians prevailed and made Assyria a part of the Babylonian empire.
In 587 BC the Babylonians captured Jerusalem, destroyed the Temple, and
exiled many of the people to Babylonia
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